One bright spot in the game of golf in the U.S. – and other countries as well – is the highly anticipated increase in the number of juniors taking up the game. But what teaching methods? What are the risks? Is your child a future champion?

In 2000 in St. Augustine, Florida, I attended a strategic conference for leaders in the golf industry — known as Golf 20/20. It was sort of a “think-tank.” The challenge was how to grow the game of golf – attracting children — and ride the Tiger wave to match the popularity of football, soccer, and basketball.

I particularly remember at that first Golf 20/20 hearing the First Tee’s CEO, Joe Louis Barrow, Jr., introduce a new and different golf program for kids in the U.S. “Different” was important because junior golf was not really “new.”

Back in the 1980’s, the American Junior Golf Association (the AJGA) established one of the first programs for competitive junior golfers. In 1976, Sweden held its first national youth tournament for participants 16 and under. PING introduced the Junior Solheim Cup in 2002.

Specific instructors and golf academies emerged quickly with reputations for training kids to compete at increasingly competitive levels. Lexi Thompson was a classic example of this new young prodigy golfer. (Just a note: Annika Sorenstam did not start to play golf until she was twelve.)

The First Teethe first tee was a fundamentally new and different approach to junior golf. It was not focused on winning. The First Tee set out to use golf as a way to teach values like honesty and respect within the framework of the game of golf.

LPGA USGA Girls GolfSimilarly, the USGA-LPGA Girls Golf program, with about 50,000 girls participating, championing golf as a fun and recreational activity. And more recently it is promoting the AXA Girls Golf Leadership Academy.

US junior leagueThe PGA of America is now also on board with its junior “league” program for girls and boys. Taking its cue from the popularity of kids baseball and soccer teams, the PGA junior league program promotes recreational competition with a strong focus on team-building.

To summarize: Two paths for junior golfer are developing in the U.S. and elsewhere. One is focused on developing future professional tour stars. The other is for kids that will benefit from the skills and life lessons (including some competition) that golf teaches – not to mention the health of being outdoors and physically active.

So asking “Is Junior Golf Really Good for Kids?” is a complicated question. What kind of child are we talking about? What are the expectations of parents or other adult mentors? What athletic skills does the child have? Does the child have the time to devote hours of practice every day? Can the parents afford coaches and travel costs? And those are just a few questions!

drive chip and puttWhat especially brought this topic to my attention was the recent “Drive Chip & Putt” competition for children ages 9 to 14 sponsored by the Masters Tournament in Augusta, Georgia. The finals were on U.S. national television the Sunday beginning Masters week. (Registration for the 2017 Drive Chip & Putt is already underway).

I was following a particular 9-year old girl from New Jersey, Angelina Tolentino, who had made it through all the regional Drive Chip & Putt competitions and was going to the finals in Augusta. Here is Angelina’s swing:

Angelina Tolentino
Angelina Tolentino

Angelina had tagged along with her dad to the local driving range when she was about seven. Her uncle, an accomplished golfer, recognized her talent and potential. In addition to her uncle’s coaching, Angelina works with four coaches at the Golf Performance Institute (GPI) located near her home in Mount Laurel, New Jersey. She still attends her local public schools but also travels to Florida twice a year for special coaching especially for tournament competition. She has two high school playing partners – both boys—who also work with GPI. Currently, Angelina is ranked by U.S. Kids as 15th in the world in her age bracket.

Augusta drive chip and putt

At Augusta, Angelina competed in the 7-9 girls competition (Angelina is the fourth girl from the left in photo above). It was a very “grown-up” experience that involved knowing how to greet adults, shake their hands, look them in the eye properly and then drive, chip and putt better than others in their age bracket. (I remember teaching my kids to say “please” and “thank you.”)

So how did Angelina do at Augusta? She hit her first two drives out of bounds – no points for that! But she chipped and putted well. I was interested in how she handled the experience and asked for a video response. Here’s what she said:

Is all this golf pressure good or bad for Angelina? She seems to be handling it pretty well.
What about that other trend in junior golf coaching that says that kids should be learning that golf is about “fun” and not about winning.

Among the top junior golf instructors I interviewed, Michelle Holmes, the Director of Instruction of the Michelle Holmes School of Golf offered her unique approach to junior golf. Michelle is an LPGA Teaching Professional and a “Top 50” U.S. Kids Instructor.  Michelle explained:  “A child needs to LOVE THE GAME first. No point in having a top 10 year-year-old golfer if the spark is not there.  We must keep this game fun for a kid, and then the possibilities are endless.”   Glance through Michelle Holmes on Facebook with videos of her students.  It’s very clear that she is a strong believer in teaching through games.
Stay tuned.  There is more to say about “Is Junior Golf Really Good for Kids?”  Next topic will be: How can you be sure your junior’s golf experience is positive and not negative — with some specific advice for parents.


Nancy Berkley
Nancy Berkley

Nancy Berkley is an expert on women’s golf and junior-girls golf in the U.S. A special interest of hers is encouraging business women to enjoy golf with colleagues and clients. Nancy is a member of the World Golf Foundation Women’s Committee and a member of the National Golf Foundation. Nancy is a graduate of the University of Minnesota, Harvard University, Rutgers Law School and has a degree from the Professional Management Program of Harvard Business School.

Describing herself as a good bogey golfer with permanent potential, Nancy shares news about women’s golf – along with her opinions on and You can also follow Nancy on Facebook and Twitter.


  1. Your article raises the question… where are the good young American women players going to come from to compete with the South Koreans on the LPGA? There are intense junior golf programs in Korea now where youg girls are identified, groomed, and supported financially to be future stars of the game. Whether this is a good thing or not for the girls is open to debate. Here in the U S many people advocate for more financial support for junior golfers to help develop more players with professional potential. I have mixed feelings about focusing kids at an early age so intensely on one sport. But it seems as though unless it happens Korean players (as well as a growing number from China and Thailand) are going to continue to dominate the LPGA.

  2. Dave, your comment and concern are shared by others so will give you my take on the issue. I agree with your “mixed feelings” about encouraging kids to compete too early. (I will be doing an article on the “signs” for parents and mentors that indicate that a child is not benefitting (just the opposite) from being pushed into these jr events.) About the Korean women golfers: For several decades now, the Korean culture including business sponsors has encouraged the “golf-work-pro” ethic. A young Korean golfer can get funding early from sponsors which is very different from the the U.S. Do I think that the U.S. government should support these young athletes? NO. BUT!! golf associations should be “donating” and “supporting” financially talented kids so that they and their parents can afford the trips to junior tournaments? Continuing on.. For example, if you are parents of a talented junior golfer, The Drive Chip & Putt local qualifiers may not be a financial burden, but what if your child has to travel to a regional or “lucky” enough to travel cross-country to Augusta? Same financial challenge exists (not always just $$ but also time off from employment) in many junior competitive venues in the U.S. But I do not think this is a government supported project. Instead I have been waiting for our local golf associations (including both women and men) and clubs to find their role in supporting junior golfers — financially — supporting training, coachiing AND travel expenses — before they become the “stars” that NIKE and PUMA and others endorse. Nevertheless and in spite of the current presense of Korean golfers, change is inevitable. Remember when the Russians dominated figure skating, China dominated gymnastics and the Australians dominated Tennis — all were government supported. I believe that the Olympic presentations of golf — if the TV networks do their job — will explain what kind of financial support and cultural support is needed. And golf supporters may hear that message. And we have the money issue in the LPGA and USGA women’s tournaments compared to the men’s prize money. The US Men’s Open purse is $10 million, the U.S. Women’s Open purse is just short of $5 million. Our US women top golfers should not have to deal with that “negative” perception that they are just not as good. I think there are winds of change. The Strategic Alliance between the LPGA Tour and the PGA Tour is good news. And I could go on…. but would rather hear from others. (And hope you write about the upcoming LPGA UL International Crown coming up in mid July, and let’s see how the worlds best “golf countries” and their “best golfers” compete. — Nancy Berkley (

  3. Nancy, I would love to speak with you on this topic. I head up the U.S. Kids Golf Foundation Coaches Institute and this topic is central to our efforts. Thanks, John Bryan

Comments are closed.